Showing posts with label Obesity. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Obesity. Show all posts

30 October 2020

10 Health Risks Of Obesity And How To Prevent Them

 





By
 Jacquelyn Cafasso



Obesity is a condition in which a person has a harmful amount of body fat or an unhealthy distribution of body fat. It raises the risk for several serious health complications. Excess body fat puts strain on the bones and organs. It also causes complex changes in hormones and metabolism and increases inflammation in the body.
People with obesity have a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or higher. You can calculate your BMI using an online calculator. You only need to know your height and weight.
Having a risk factor like obesity doesn’t mean that you’ll develop the following health problems. But it does increase your chances of developing one or more of them. Here are 10 health risks of obesity and what you can do to prevent or manage them.
1. Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your blood sugar is higher than normal. Over time, this can lead to other health issues, like heart disease, nerve damage, stroke, kidney disease, and vision problems.
If you have obesity, losing just 5 to 7 percent of your body weight and getting regular, moderate exercise may prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes.
2. Heart disease
Heart disease is more prevalent in people with obesity. Over time, fatty deposits may accumulate in the arteries that supply the heart with blood. People with obesity have higher than normal blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood sugar, all of which contribute to heart disease.
Arteries that become narrow can lead to a heart attack. Blood clots in narrow arteries can result in a stroke.
3. Stroke
Stroke and heart disease share many of the same risk factors. Strokes occur when the blood supply to the brain is cut off. A stroke can cause damage to brain tissue and result in a range of disabilities, including speech and language impairment, weakened muscles, and changes to thinking and reasoning skills.
A 2010 review of 25 studies with almost 2.3 million participants found that obesity increased the risk of stroke by 64 percent.
4. Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea is a disorder in which someone may momentarily stop breathing during sleep.
People who are overweight and living with obesity are at a higher risk of having sleep apnea. This is because they tend to have more fat stored around the neck, making the airway shrink. A smaller airway can cause snoring and difficulty breathing at night.
Losing weight can help decrease the amount of fat in the neck and lower the risk of sleep apnea.
5. High blood pressure
Extra fat tissue in the body requires more oxygen and nutrients. Your blood vessels will need to circulate more blood to the extra fat tissue. This means your heart must work even harder to pump blood around the body.
The increase in the amount of blood circulating puts extra pressure on the walls of your arteries. This added pressure is called high blood pressure, or hypertension. Over time, high blood pressure can damage your heart and arteries.

6. Liver disease
People with obesity can develop a liver disease known as fatty liver disease or nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). This happens when excess fat builds up in the liver. The excess fat can damage the liver or cause scar tissue to grow, known as cirrhosis.
Fatty liver disease usually has no symptoms, but it can eventually lead to liver failure. The only way to reverse or manage the disease is to lose weight, exercise, and avoid drinking alcohol.
7. Gallbladder disease
The gallbladder is responsible for storing a substance known as bile and passing it to the small intestine during digestion. Bile helps you digest fats.
Obesity increases your risk of developing gallstones. Gallstones occur when bile builds up and hardens in the gallbladder. People with obesity may have higher levels of cholesterol in their bile, or have large gallbladders that don’t work well, which can lead to gallstones. Gallstones can be painful and require surgery.
Eating a diet high in fiber and healthy fats may help prevent gallstones. Avoiding refined grains like white rice, bread, and pasta can also help.
8. Certain cancers
Because cancer isn’t a single disease, the association between obesity and cancer isn’t as clear as other diseases like heart disease and stroke. Still, obesity can increase your risk for certain cancers, including breast, colon, gallbladder, pancreatic, kidney, and prostate cancer, as well as cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, and ovaries.
One population-based study estimated that about 28,000 new cases of cancer in men and 72,000 in women in 2012 were associated with being overweight or having obesity in the United States.
9. Pregnancy complications
Pregnant women who are overweight or have obesity are more likely to develop insulin resistance, high blood sugar, and high blood pressure. This can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy and delivery, including:
  • gestational diabetes
  • preeclampsia
  • needing a cesarean delivery (C-section)
  • blood clots
  • heavier bleeding than normal after delivery
  • premature birth
  • miscarriage
  • stillbirth
  • defects of the brain and spinal cord
In one study, over 60 percent of women with a BMI of 40 or greater when they got pregnant ended up having one of these complications. If you’re overweight or have obesity and are thinking about having a baby, you may want begin a weight management plan to avoid the above health risks. Talk to your doctor about physical activity you can safely do during pregnancy.
10. Depression
Many people affected by obesity experience depression. Some studies have found a strong correlation between obesity and major depressive disorder.
People affected by obesity may often experience discrimination based on their body size. Over time, this can lead to feelings of sadness or lack of self-worth.
Today, many advocacy groups, such as the National Association to Advance Fat Acceptance (NAAFA), are working to eliminate discrimination based on body size. These organizations provide opportunities to get involved in fighting against this discrimination.
If you have obesity and are experiencing symptoms of depression, ask your doctor for a referral to a mental health counselor.
How to lower your risk
Losing as little as 5 percent of your body weight can lower your risk for several of these health conditions, including heart disease and type 2 diabetes.
A combination of diet and exercise can help you lose the weight slowly over time. There’s no need to make drastic changes to your lifestyle. The key is to be consistent and to continue making healthy choices.
For exercise, aim for at least 150 minutes a week of moderate aerobic activity. This can include a brisk walk – just 30 minutes of walking per day will help you meet this goal. Once you’ve gotten the hang of it, try increasing your exercise to 300 minutes per week. Also, try to include strengthening activities like pushups or situps into your routine at least twice a week.
A few ways to eat healthier include:
  • Fill half your plate with vegetables.
  • Replace unrefined grains, like white bread, pasta, and rice with whole grains like whole wheat bread, brown rice, and oatmeal.
  • Eat lean sources of protein, such as lean chicken, seafood, beans, and soy.
  • Cut out fried foods, fast foods, and sugary snacks.
  • Avoid sugary drinks, like sodas and juice.
  • Avoid alcohol.
Ask your doctor if you’re a good candidate for weight loss surgery or medications. These treatments can help you lose weight more quickly, but still require a commitment to the above lifestyle changes.
Takeaway
Obesity can impact both your physical health and your mental health. You may be unsure of where to begin, but taking steps now to manage your health can prevent you from complications like type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Talk to your doctor about exercising more, eating a healthier diet, seeing a therapist, and other treatment methods.

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23 July 2017

Obesity Surgery Risks To Be Aware Of




By Dhwanan G



In order to lose weight, you need to make some serious changes to your lifestyle. Excess weight is a risk in itself. It is known to be a major cause of diabetes, stroke, heart diseases and some types of cancers. Obesity can severely damage a person's quality of life and in the long term cause depression too. Drastic improvements in food habits and regular exercise are the key to a healthy life and weight. However, in some cases, this does not help. This is exactly where medical interventions such as weight loss surgery can help. These surgeries ensure that the food intake is reduced and the person feels full sooner.

Well, just like any other surgery, obesity surgery has its own risks. Since the weight loss is not gradual, it has greater risks.

Here are some of the risks involved in obesity surgery:

Complications immediately after surgery

Complications can occur immediately after the surgery or even during surgery. Infection is one of the most common complications. It affects one in twenty people that undergo this surgery. Blood clots appearing in the legs or lungs are another known complication. This affects one in a hundred people. Lastly, there could be bleeding. This affects one in a hundred people.


Excess skin

This surgery removes the excess fat from the body. However, with the removal of the excess fat, the skin sags and is not as tight or firm as it used to be. This means that after the surgery, you will be left with excess folds of skin especially on the tummy, hips and limbs. Cosmetic surgery is used to remove this excess skin and make your obesity surgery worth it.


Gallstones

Typically ten months after the surgery, around 1 in 12 people develop gall stones. These stones are made of cholesterol and form in the gall bladder. There are no notable symptoms that indicate the formation of gallstones. They become trapped in a duct and cause irritation and inflammation in the bladder.


Psychological effects

There are a number of psychological effects of rapid weight loss. The very first is the feeling of extreme happiness! The improvements in your overall appearance are very appealing and it puts you on the top of the world. Many of the health related issues are sorted out and you feel at ease due to drastic improvement in your quality of life too.

It's important to note that it could take months for patients to resume their daily activities and would be required to be on a liquid diet following the surgery. Solid food will be introduced slowly a per the doctor's recommendation.

Overall, weight loss is essential for health and happiness, but surgery will only be considered for those who have tried all other means such as exercise, diet control and medications. Surgical interventions are always considered as the final option. You should discuss all your non-surgical treatment options before you decide. The potential benefits of this surgery greatly outweigh the risks depending on the overall health and lifestyle of the patient.



21 June 2017

Three Types Of Obesity Surgery



By Abigail Aaronson



Now the number one cause of preventable death in the U.S., obesity is an unprecedented epidemic that threatens the health of the nation. Our growing rotundity not only shortens our life expectancy considerably, it is also responsible for the alarming rise in chronic conditions in recent years. New cases of weight-related diseases like type 2 diabetes have tripled in the past three decades. It is no wonder obesity surgery is more popular than ever.


Why Surgery?

Because dieting doesn't work! About 90 percent of people regain some or all of the weight they lost while dieting in less than one year. We can argue all day and night about which diet might possibly be effective, but the fact is that only obesity surgery offers a permanent solution to the problem. With that in mind, here are three of the most popular types of weight loss surgery.



1. Adjustable Gastric Banding

In this procedure, the surgeon uses a band that squeezes the stomach into two much smaller sections: a small upper pouch and a larger lower one. Still connected by a tiny passage that slows the emptying of food, patients can no longer eat as much or as quickly as they once did. On average, most can only swallow half a cup of food before feeling full.

Advantages: Much simpler and safer than a gastric bypass, this procedure requires less cutting, which means a shorter recovery period. The bands can also be adjusted to further restrict or expand the size of the stomach.


Disadvantages: Because it a simpler, less aggressive operation, the results tend to be less dramatic than other weight loss procedures. Some patients have even regained some of the weight they lost over time.


2. Sleeve Gastrectomy

Another type of restrictive surgery, this operation involves the removal of most of the stomach -- typically about 75 percent. The remainder is much smaller and narrower and cannot hold nearly as much food. As such, it is physically impossible for patients to eat as much as they once did.
Advantages: It works. Removing most of the stomach is a sure-fire way to reduce total caloric consumption.

Disadvantages: Unlike the previous procedure, a sleeve gastrectomy is completely and totally irreversible. It is also a relatively new surgical option, so doctors aren't certain about the long-term benefits.


3. Gastric Bypass

The most common types of obesity surgery, the gastric bypass makes the stomach much smaller by dividing it into two separate parts: an upper and lower segment. The upper segment is then connected to the small intestine, bypassing the lower part of the stomach and leaving it unused.

Advantages: Not only does it reduce the amount of food you can consume, it also shortens the length of the digestive tract, which makes it harder for you to get calories from your meals. As a result, pounds tend to come off in short order. About half of the weight most patients lose is shed in the first six months.

Disadvantage: Because you body will no longer absorb nutrients as effectively as it once did, you could put yourself at risk of malnutrition. In particular, the risk of anemia (not enough iron) and osteoporosis (not enough calcium) may increase.

If you are considering obesity surgery, all of the aforementioned procedures have proven highly effective in helping patients fight and win the battle of the bulge.


To learn more about their options for obesity surgery, visit www.ct-obesitysurgery.com.

19 May 2017

Top 10 Obesity Related Diseases




By Elizabeth Sisney



Many people suffer from the condition of being overweight. Unfortunately, sometimes this problem becomes out of control, and a person can become obese. This is extremely bad for your health, and there are several diseases that are worsened by obesity or even caused by obesity.


1. Diabetes

Obesity is a significant factor in the development of type 2 diabetes, which occurs when your body has developed a resistance to insulin. Being overweight allows yours cells to become insulin resistant. In some cases, those with type 2 diabetes have reversed the condition by losing weight.


2. Cancer

Being overweight can increase your chance of developing various cancers by 50%. For women, being overweight by only 20 pounds places them at a much higher risk of cancer.


3. Infertility

Obesity can lead to hormonal level changes that can lead to infertility and ovarian cancer in women. In overweight men, this can lead to a much lower sperm count.


4. Skin Infections

It is sometimes more difficult for obese individuals to keep their skin as clean as it needs to be. The skin can form creases where sweat can be trapped and cause irritation that lead to infection.


5. High Blood Pressure

Your blood pressure generally increases right along with your weight, and high blood pressure is a leading cause of death of Americans. Your doctor can give you medication to regulate your blood pressure, but you need to get yourself to a healthier weight for good health.


6. High Cholesterol

Your cholesterol levels usually become too high when you are overweight, and those high levels can cause heart attacks. Chronic high cholesterol can lead to heart disease.


7. Ulcers

The obese may develop painful gastric ulcers. Overweight men are more likely to develop this condition, but women have also been known to be affected.


8. Back Problems

Your body, especially your back, can suffer when it is expected to carry very large amounts of weight. You may have lower back pain, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis or even structural damage to your spine if you are obese.


9. Gallstones

Obese women often develop painful gallstones. While rare, men may also be affected.


10. Heart Disease

Obesity is a primary cause of coronary heart disease that can lead to stroke or heart attack. Losing weight and regular exercise can greatly reduce your chances of developing this condition.
If you feel your weight is becoming a problem, see your doctor right away. Nothing is more important than your health, and your weight can be controlled with proper intervention.


For more information about obesity, risks of obesity, and bariatric surgery in California, visit Olde Del Mar.

26 March 2017

5 Leading Causes of Obesity




By Jerry Kouvan

Overweight or obesity can be described as a very unhealthy accumulation of body fats. The excessive disposition of body fat leads to many health complications and even reduce the life expectancy of affected people. Obesity is measured in terms of body mass index which is obtained by dividing your weight by the square of your height. A body mass index in the range of 25-30 Kg/m2 is considered overweight, but if your BMI is more than 30 Kg/m2, it indicates that you are suffering from obesity.

Clinical trials and scientific studies have confirmed that obesity is linked to various health issues like osteoarthritis, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, obstructive sleep apnea and certain types of cancer. In 2013, obesity has been classified as a disease.


Obesity is mainly caused by excessive intake of food energy, sedentary lifestyle, genetic or endocrine disorders, medication side effects, psychological issues or any combination of these factors. Top five causes of obesity can be described as follows:

Excess Intake of Food: Our body is supposed to store excess food energy as fat. If you are unable to resist your temptation for favorite delicacies, particularly fad-laden fast foods and sugary beverages, there can be no respite from obesity. Overeating has always been associated with wealth and fertility, but nowadays people are getting addicted to highly processed and unhealthy food. People's eating behavior may be influenced by several factors like emotional stress, availability of food, desire to enjoy some snacks while watching TV, depression, reliance of packaged food and many more.


Sedentary Lifestyle: Innovation and technological advancement have paved the way to modern civilization, but our innovations and technologies are designed to help us lead a comfortable life. Our body is not designed to lead sun an inactive life, but we are using cars, escalators and even remote control devices to cut down our physical activity. Physical activity or exercises are essential to maintain your health and well-being. If you are addicted to computer games or enjoying your favorite past time activity while sitting in the cozy chair and gulping colas, obesity is bound to occur.


Medical Conditions: Disorders in the endocrine system is the third most common cause of obesity. Certain health conditions like Hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome and depression may cause obesity. Thyroid is a hormone which is very essential for normal metabolism. Any deficiency of this hormone slows down the metabolism and people start accumulating fat.

In Cushing syndrome, excess amounts of cortisol is produced which leads to fat deposition. It is well-known that certain weight-gain occurs during the pregnancy. Avoiding breastfeeding or leading inactive lifestyle after delivery can make you obese. Certain medications, particularly steroids, anti-hypertensive, anti-depressants, antipsychotics and anti- seizure drugs are known to cause weight gain.


Psychological Distress: When people suffer from any deep rooted emotional trauma, they try to release their emotional stress by overeating. Many people overeat when they confuse the psychological void with hunger. Several research studies and clinical trials have established that fact that psychological problems lead to eating disorders. Depression is a well-known psychological problem when people indulge in over eating.


Inherited Genes: If your parents are obese, you are more likely to develop obesity. Genetic susceptibility is another very important cause of obesity. Bardet-Biedl syndrome and Prader-Willi syndrome are classic examples of genetic susceptibility, but behavioral aspects may be more important than genes. There are 56 different genes that relate to obesity phenotypes.

Unfortunately, obesity has become a global epidemic and despite being a preventable disease, it is one of the leading causes of death in adults.

15 February 2017

Three Types Of Obesity Surgery



By Abigail Aaronson



Now the number one cause of preventable death in the U.S., obesity is an unprecedented epidemic that threatens the health of the nation. Our growing rotundity not only shortens our life expectancy considerably, it is also responsible for the alarming rise in chronic conditions in recent years. New cases of weight-related diseases like type 2 diabetes have tripled in the past three decades. It is no wonder obesity surgery is more popular than ever.


Why Surgery?

Because dieting doesn't work! About 90 percent of people regain some or all of the weight they lost while dieting in less than one year. We can argue all day and night about which diet might possibly be effective, but the fact is that only obesity surgery offers a permanent solution to the problem. With that in mind, here are three of the most popular types of weight loss surgery.


Adjustable Gastric Banding

In this procedure, the surgeon uses a band that squeezes the stomach into two much smaller sections: a small upper pouch and a larger lower one. Still connected by a tiny passage that slows the emptying of food, patients can no longer eat as much or as quickly as they once did. On average, most can only swallow half a cup of food before feeling full.

Advantages: Much simpler and safer than a gastric bypass, this procedure requires less cutting, which means a shorter recovery period. The bands can also be adjusted to further restrict or expand the size of the stomach.


Disadvantages: Because it a simpler, less aggressive operation, the results tend to be less dramatic than other weight loss procedures. Some patients have even regained some of the weight they lost over time.


Sleeve Gastrectomy

Another type of restrictive surgery, this operation involves the removal of most of the stomach -- typically about 75 percent. The remainder is much smaller and narrower and cannot hold nearly as much food. As such, it is physically impossible for patients to eat as much as they once did.
Advantages: It works. Removing most of the stomach is a sure-fire way to reduce total caloric consumption.

Disadvantages: Unlike the previous procedure, a sleeve gastrectomy is completely and totally irreversible. It is also a relatively new surgical option, so doctors aren't certain about the long-term benefits.


Gastric Bypass

The most common types of obesity surgery, the gastric bypass makes the stomach much smaller by dividing it into two separate parts: an upper and lower segment. The upper segment is then connected to the small intestine, bypassing the lower part of the stomach and leaving it unused.

Advantages: Not only does it reduce the amount of food you can consume, it also shortens the length of the digestive tract, which makes it harder for you to get calories from your meals. As a result, pounds tend to come off in short order. About half of the weight most patients lose is shed in the first six months.

Disadvantage: Because you body will no longer absorb nutrients as effectively as it once did, you could put yourself at risk of malnutrition. In particular, the risk of anemia (not enough iron) and osteoporosis (not enough calcium) may increase.

If you are considering obesity surgery, all of the aforementioned procedures have proven highly effective in helping patients fight and win the battle of the bulge.

To learn more about their options for obesity surgery, visit www.ct-obesitysurgery.com.